International Diabetes Federation (IDF) Consensus Definition Metabolic syndrome 2005

According to the new IDF definition, for a person to be defined as having the metabolic syndrome they must have:

Waist circumference

  • ethnicity specific*
  • for Europids: Male > 94 cm Female > 80 cm

PLUS any two of the following:

Raised triglycerides

> 1.7 mmol/L

or specific treatment for this lipid abnormality

Reduced HDL cholesterol

< 1.03 mmol/L in males

< 1.29 mmol/L)in females

or specific treatment for this lipid abnormality

Raised blood pressure

Systolic : > 130 mmHg or

Diastolic: > 85 mmHg or

Treatment of previously diagnosed hypertension

Raised fasting plasma glucose

Fasting plasma glucose > 5.6 mmol/L or

Previously diagnosed type 2 diabetes

If above 5.6 mmol/L, OGTT is strongly recommended but is not necessary to define presence of the syndrome.